A couple of questions here.

1: My understanding of mix and master is the process for the big project including many instruments. I use Alice Key Piano VST to write some simple piano pieces. Is there any mix/master technique that I might be able to apply to the piano solo songs to make them more impressive?

2: Another question is that sometimes, the exported song's volume is low. Because it is a piano piece, I cannot use a compressor to reduce the dynamic range, then enhance all frequency together. So, is there any way to make it louder? If the music hit the end of the peak meter and clipping, is that still good to export (Because it sounds ok after I export a song that was clipping badly in FL-studio)? How should I know the volume is good and proper for the exported songs to be released and heard by a listener, or we just try to make it as loud as possible without clipping?

3: If you turn up/down the volume via the FL studio volume knob on the top right. Will it influence the final exported track's volume. Or, the knob is only used for convenience when you work on a project in FL studio, no matter how you turn the knob, it doesn't impact the exported song's volume?

4: When you work on Fl-studio, is the sound the best quality? I mean, sometimes when I export the wav. the document about 40-50Mb, it seems to sound better than I heard when I was working on it, such as some noise it not that obvious to hear.


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  • Hi Xiang - These are audio engineer questions and we are composers here but we can try and answer. I know others here are more knowledgeable than me so I will defer to their answers.

    First off you should post your piece here, every listener has a different system and some will hear things that others don't.  You should never allow clipping, it sounds bad. There are many other aspects to good sound though, so let us listen to your piece. Your system will tell you when you are clipping, for commercial music you should turn things up to where the loudest part is just below clipping. Art music it's not so critical but you don't want people having to turn up their volume to hear things because that may add noise.

    The dynamic range depends on the style. Classical music has a huge dynamic range so some parts should be very quiet, no reason to turn them up.  Rock and a lot of film music has little range and so it's always very loud (but not clipping).  You can use compressors and limiters to smash all the dynamics out of something and make it all very loud without clipping, but streaming services will just turn it down so don't bother.

    Wave files are too big to be useful so you should use mp3's or AAC's or whatever, they don't sound as good but that's the way it is.

    DAW's don't add noise, if you have noise it is coming from somewhere else. It is possible to filter out noise but it's better to avoid it in the first place.

    Hope this helps, it's a complicated subject so ask some more questions!

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