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Hello all,

I am new to composing. One of the exercises I have been told to do is to find music that I enjoy, analyze them, and try to figure out why it sounds "good" the way it does and to hopefully gain some information into why the composer wrote it that way in order to help write my own music.

For a quick exercise, I chose "Relm's Theme" from Final Fantasy III, which was written by Nobuo Uematsu. If you're not familiar with the game - Relm is a young painter. She is talented, smaller (in height and weight) than other characters in the game. She is feminine, quirky, innocent, and sometimes a bit sassy.

I've never done this sort of thing before and this is pretty much my first dive into music theory (I've touched on in before, but not much) but I'm a little proud of myself for sticking this out and figuring some things out.

I'm sure I've only touched the surface here. Let me know what you think about what I've noticed so far, what I might be missing, and some other ways I can analyze this piece. Thanks!

1.) I said that the piece was written in F Major. Not sure if this is true, but I just picked up my guitar, started playing the notes by ear from memory (before I looked on YouTube) and wrote them out. I started on F and I found one flat (Bb), so I decided that it was written in F major.


2.) Next, I wrote out all the notes:

F G A Bb C D E

3.) I looked up online for some information and found the following:

F (TONIC)
G (SUPERTONIC)
A (MEDIANT)
Bb (SUBDOMINANT)
C (DOMINANT)
D (SUBMEDIANT)
E (LEADING TONE)

4.) I took the melody (0:28 - 0:35) and broke it into 4 groups and then took notes on what I thought about each group and it's relationship with the next.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XYFRxu2kWhM

Group one:

F,E,D

The Tonic is a great place to start because it sounds nice, whole, and clearly defines our key center (F Major). A descending pattern is a nice choice because it brings a sense of movement to the beginning of the piece and helps the listener feel "guided."

The Tonic moving into the leading tone causes tension, plus, the leading tone moving into the submediant causes more tension. Combine this with the slight "hold" on D really creates a beautiful anticipation for the listener.

Group two:

C,Bb,A

The "C" or Dominant is a great place to start the next phrase because it provides (like the Tonic, but only slightly here) a sense of "home" or release. A quick bit of tension to "Bb" and a nice release back to "C" creates a swaying sensation and pleasant movement (a sort of innocence like our character Relm). This ends on "A" which is the Mediant between the Tonic and Dominant. It is tense and wanting to release. Once again a slight "hold" here brings anticipation.

Group three:

A,Bb,C

The tension is released by a quick ascension up to the Dominant which is the "home" that our ear enjoyed in the last phrase. This feels good, but not all the way complete.

Group four:

E,F

Ahhhh! A quick slide from the leading tone into the Tonic really brings us home and everything sounds complete and whole once again.

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